Litigation Services

  • Criminal Litigation
  • Civil Litigation
  • Family Litigation
  • Administrative Litigation
  • Appellate Litigation
  • Commercial Litigation
  • Construction Litigation
  • Employment Controversies
  • Governmental Litigation
  • Intellectual Property
  • Mergers & Acquisitions Litigation
  • Municipal Law
  • Personal Injury & Wrongful Death
  • Products Liability
  • Professional Liability
  • Property Rights
  • Real Estate Litigation

Criminal Services

Criminal cases involve enforcing public codes of behavior, which are codified in the laws of the state. In criminal cases, the government prosecutes individuals for violating those laws (in other words, for allegedly committing a crime). Punishment in criminal cases can include fines, community service, probation, prison, and the like.

MECHANISM CRIMINAL CASE: FIR sets law in motion. It follows investigation. A report upon completion upon investigation is submitted before the court. The court conducts inquiry and decides for the disposal of report if the same is fit for trial or for disposal in some other manner. If the Court deems it fit for trial, it takes cognizance of the offence. Then the trial commences with the framing of charge (reflecting statement of accusations) against the accused and is followed by evidence as per law of land. Upon conclusion of evidence, arguments from both sides are heard. Then the judgment is announced or the decision is given by the judge; the decision culminates into either acquittal or conviction of the accused of such offence.


  • First Information Report (section 154 Cr.P.C)
  • Power of police to investigate (Section 154 Cr.P.C & section 156(1), Cr.P.C)
  • Optional Investigation (Section 157(b), Cr.P.C. read with Rule 25.9 of Police Rules, 1934)


  • Daily Diaries (Section 172, Cr.P.C)
  • Arrest of accused by police (Chapter V of the Cr.P.C)
  • Arrest by private person (Section 59, Cr.P.C)
  • Arrest by or in presence of Magistrate (Subject to provisions of bail U/S. 64 Cr.P.C)
  • Recording of statements by police (Section 160, Cr.P.C)
  • Recording of statements of witnesses by Magistrate (Section 164, Cr.P.C)
  • Recording of confessions by Magistrate (Section 164, Cr.P.C)
  • Bail by police or by Magistrate (Bailable U/S 496 & Non-bailable U/S 497, Cr.P.C)


  • Challan or police report (Section 173 Cr.P.C)
  • Cognizance by Court (Section 190 Cr.P.C)
  • Release of accused when evidence is deficient (Section 169 Cr.P.C)
  • Record of evidence in absence of accused (Section 512 Cr.P.C)
  • Magistrate may dispense with personal attendance of accused (Section 205, Cr.P.C)


  • Withdrawal of charge (Section 240 Cr.P.C)
  • Framing of charge (Triable by Magistrate Section 242 Cr.P.C)
  • If Guilty, Record a conviction (Section 243 Cr.P.C)
  • If Not Guilty, Trial begins (Section 244 Cr.P.C)
  • Acquittal at any stage (Section 249-A Cr.P.C)
  • Defence plea (Section 342 Cr.P.C)
  • Final arguments / Closing submissions
  • Decision / Judgment (Acquittal U/S 245(i) Cr.P.C. or conviction U/S 245(ii) Cr.P.C)

Criminal Litigation Services

  • Bails
  • Appeals
  • Trails
  • Assault
  • Burglary
  • Disciplinary matters
  • Domestic violence
  • Aggravated Robbery
  • Drug Charges
  • Fraud & Theft
  • Murder & other death matters
  • Sexual offences

Family Law

Family law, matrimonial law or the law of native relations, is an area of the law that deals with family affairs & domestic relations, such as adoption, divorce, child custody & support etc.

Our team of family lawyers best assist their clients in resolving family law affairs herein Pakistan. The legal system is based on English common law and Islamic law. The former is more influential in commercial law while the latter is more influential in personal status (and more recently, criminal and tax law to some extent).

Family Law Services:

  • Marriage & Dissolution of Marriage
  • Inheritance and Succession
  • Custody and Guardianship
  • Dower & Maintenance
  • Adoption and Fostering
  • Will and Hiba
  • Parentage, Legitimacy & Acknowledgement

Relevant Legislation

  • Guardians and Wards Act, 1890
  • Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929
  • Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939
  • Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, 1961
  • (West Pakistan) Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1962
  • (West Pakistan) Family Courts Act, 1964
  • Offence of Zina (Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, 1979
  • Law of Evidence (Qanun-e-Shahadat) Order, 1984
  • Enforcement of Sharia Act, 1991
  • Dowry and Bridal Gifts (Restriction) Act, 1976
  • Prohibition (Enforcement of Hudood) Order, 1979
  • Offence of Qazf (Enforcement of Hudood) Order, 1979
  • Execution of Punishment of Whipping Ordinance, 1979

© 2022 92 Lex . All rights reserved | Powered by